Longest clitoris (human)

Illustration

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The average length of the clitoris is about 16mm regularly varying between 12-20mm. Derived from the Greek word kleitoris meaning "little hill", the BBC reports that "Australian urologist, Dr Helen O'Connell, has revealed that the clitoris is shaped more like a mountain than a hill".

19th century medical literature writes that one "Dr. Bainbridge has reported the case of a female whose clitoris was five inches in length and of the diameter of the quiescent penis of an adult. This malformation was discovered while the woman was in labor" (5-in = 127mm).

Abnormal enlargement

Disease can cause unnatural changes in size. In 1800, Dr Richard Simmons described "Catharine Talbot, a healthy looking woman, about thirty years of age, [with] a swelling of great magnitude, as she described it, hanging from her body; and which, upon examination, I found to be the clitoris enlarged to a most enormous size .. the circumference of the largest part measured fourteen inches, the circumference of the stem five inches, and the length of the tumor nine inches".

An abnormal enlargement of the clitoris the may occur at birth (ie it is congenital), may be due to intersexuality, where the clitoris resembles the penis. The Prader classification grades the degree of genital ambiguity from 1 to 5, where 5 represents a clitoris or pseudo-phallus that looks like normal male external genitalia. The condition is known as clitoromegaly or macroclitoris.

 

References

  • Helen E. O'Connell, Kalavampara V. Sanjeevan, John M. Hutson, "Anatomy of the Clitoris", The Journal of Urology, Volume 174, Issue 4, Part 1 , Pages 1189-1195, October 2005
  • Sharon Mascall, "Time for rethink on the clitoris", BBC News, Sunday, 11 June 2006
  • Verkauf BS, Von Thron J, O'Brien WF., "Clitoral size in normal women", Obstet Gynecol. 1992 Jul;80(1):41-4.
  • Francis Wharton, Moreton Stillé, A Treatise on Medical Jurisprudence, "Chapter 1: Doubtful Sex", Publisher Kay & Brother, 1860, 1031 pages (page 390)
  • Richard Simmons, The Medical and physical journal: containing the earliest information on subjects of medicine, surgery, pharmacy, chemistry and natural history, Volume 5, "Mr Simmons, on enlarged clitoris", Publisher Phillips., 1801, pages 1-4 (illustration)